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Λειτουργία επιχειρήσεων

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In this page: Legal Forms of Companies | The Active Population in Figures | Working Conditions | The Cost of Labor | Management of Human Resources

 

Legal Forms of Companies

S.A.R.L.(private limited company)
Number of partners: 1 minimum and 50 maximum
Capital (max/min): 10,000 MAD
Shareholders and liability: Responsibility is limited to the amount of contributions.
S.A.(public limited company)
Number of partners: 5 minimum with no maximum
Capital (max/min): 3,000,000 MAD to open a listed public limited companies and 300,000 MAD for a Public Liability company.
Shareholders and liability: Responsibility is limited to the amount of contributions.
Partnership
Number of partners: 2 partners at the minimum
Capital (max/min): no minimum capital.
Shareholders and liability: Responsibility is unlimited.
Limited Partnership
Number of partners: 2 partners at the minimum
Capital (max/min): no minimum capital.
Shareholders and liability: Responsibility is limited
Partnership limited by shares
Number of partners: 3 sleeping partners and one active partner.
Capital (max/min): no minimum capital.
Shareholders and liability: Responsibility is unlimited and several for some and limited to the amount of contributions for others.
 

Business Setup Procedures

Setting Up a Company Morocco Middle East & North Africa
Procedures (number) 6.00 8.00
Time (days) 12.00 23.00

Source: Doing Business.

 
For Further Information
Consult Doing Business Website , to know about procedures to start a Business in Morocco.
Trade Register
The Competent Organization
The Regional Investment Center .
 

Recovery Procedures

Principle
The court appoints a receiver and controllers. The receiver contributes to managing the business. He draws up an economic, accounting and company balance sheet and offers a recovery package by considering possible offers. He meets the creditors to make offers to them.
The court then decides either on a plan of continuation, or a plan of transfer, or a compulsory liquidation.
Minimum Debt-to-Capital Ratio Triggering Liquidation
None
Bankruptcy Laws
Book V of the Commercial law of 1996, inspired from the French legislation.
Reorganization and Rehabilitation Laws
Book V of the Commercial law of 1996, inspired from the French legislation.

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The Active Population in Figures

2011
Labor force 11,540,000

Source: CIA - The world factbook

 
2009 2010
Total activity rate - 52.30 %
Men activity rate 80.10 % 74.70 %
Women activity rate 26.20 % 25.90 %

Source: UN - United Nations

 
Employed Persons, by Occupation (% of Total Labor Force) 2008
Construction 8.9 %
Transport and Storage 4.4 %

Source: International Labor Organization (ILO)

 
For Further Statistics
High Commissioner for Planning
The economist
For Further Information About the Labor Market
Pay management

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Working Conditions

Opening Hours
 
  • Legal Weekly Duration
44 hours per week for non-agricultural sector.
48 hours per week for agricultural sector.
  • Maximum Duration
Not more than 10h per day except for waiver
  • Night Hours
From 21h to 6h
Working Rest Day
Sundays generally
Paid Annual Vacation
One and a half day per month of effective work, increased with seniority
Retirement Age
60 years generally and 55 years for miners.
Child Labor and Minimum Age For Employment
Forbidden for less than 15 years
Informal Labor Market
The informal sector is important in Morocco. According to the last survey in 2004, it represents 39% of the non-agricultural employment.

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The Cost of Labor

Pay

Minimum Wage
1,841.84 dirhams per month
Average Wage
Average monthly gross earnings in Morocco is MAD 3,780 (USD 474).
Other Forms of Pay
  • Pay For Overtime
Increase by 25%
  • Pay For Rest Days Worked
+25% during the day and 50% during the night
  • Pay For Night Hours
No increase
  • Pay For Overtime at Night
Increase by 50%
 

Social Security Costs

The Areas Covered
Sickness-Maternity, Death, Handicap, Old age
Contributions
Contributions Paid By the Employer: 18.10 %
Contributions Paid By the Employee: 6.29%
Competent Organization
National Social Security Fund

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Management of Human Resources

 

Recruitment

Method of Recruitment
Majority of recruitments in Morocco are done by co-option or network. The word of the mouth is thus essential.
Advertisements in the newspapers are always reliable, while those on the Internet are developing rapidly.
Recruitment Agencies
There are many recruitment firms, most of them being French-speaking.
On the other hand, one does not fine large international firms.
Link to a directory of recruitment firms.
Recruitment Websites
ReKrute
Employment exchange
Career option
Bayt.com: Source for Jobs in the Middle East
Job Rapido
 

The Contract

Type of Contract
Employment regulations have been adopted in July 2003 and are in force since June 2004. Employment contract is governed by legal provisions and to a lesser extent by collective agreements and individual negotiations.
The employment contract form is rather rigid. Three types of contracts coexist: the permanent contract, the fixed term contract and the contract to complete a given work.

Breach of Contracts

  • Retirement
Possible
  • Dismissals
The new type justifies only dismissal for serious error or plurality of disciplinary actions.
In all the other cases, dismissal will be regarded as incorrect and will require payment of compensation of prior notice of dismissal.
  • Other Possible Methods
Employee's approval expressed by a signed and certified resignation letter.
Agreement between the employee and the employer (meant for the factory inspector) cancelling the contract
Expiry of the contract or completion of work aimed at in the contract for a fixed term contract (involves damages).
Labor Laws
Employment regulations of 2004
 

Dispute Settlement

 

Conciliation Process

Cases of Dispute
Incorrect dismissals, delay in the payment of salaries, non-respect of the work legislation
  • Legal Framework
Employment regulations of 2004
  • Procedure
The first attempt at conciliation is done with the factory inspector.
If this fails, the governor of the province creates a provincial commission of investigation and conciliation and later on a National Commission in case the previous commissions do not succeed.
 

Judicial Structures

  • Legal Framework
Individual conflicts are settled in accordance with the legislation in force.
Employment regulations aims for conciliation of collective conflicts, in the event of failure, it takes recourse to arbitration. The verdict may further lead to an appeal before the Supreme court.
  • Competent Legal Body
Inspection of Work
Delegation of Work to the Prefecture
 

Social Partners

Social Dialogue and Involvement of Social Partners
Three federations stand out among the 17 existing trade unions: Moroccan Union of Work (UMT), the Democratic Confederation of Work (CDT), and General union of the Workers of Morocco (UGTM).
Their negotiation powers are overall weak because of the rupture and a rather cloudy management, but they are rooted in the company.
Unionization Rate
6% (official figures)
Unions
Unions in Morocco
General Union of the workers of Morocco (In French)
Regulation Bodies
Ministry for Employment and Professional Training
Social Security National Office
 
 

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Last Updates: May 2013

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